Historically, crushing grapes was done
by feet in 'lagares', or shallow stone or
cement troughs. Amazingly, in the
Douro, some grapes are still trodden by
human feet. The human foot is ideally suited to crushing grapes.
Treading breaks the grapes, crushes the skins, then
mixes skins with juices for good flavor and color
extraction--all without smashing the pips (seeds), which
contain bitter tasting tanins.

Historically, crushing grapes was done by feet in 'lagares', or shallow stone or cement troughs. Amazingly, in the Douro, some grapes are still trodden by human feet. The human foot is ideally suited to crushing grapes. Treading breaks the grapes, crushes the skins, then mixes skins with juices for good flavor and color extraction--all without smashing the pips (seeds), which contain bitter tasting tanins.

Historically, crushing grapes was done by feet in 'lagares', or shallow stone or
cement troughs. Amazingly, in the Douro, some grapes are still trodden by human feet. The human foot is ideally suited to crushing grapes. Treading breaks the grapes, crushes the skins, then mixes skins with juices for good flavor and color extraction--all without smashing the pips (seeds), which contain bitter tasting tanins.

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